Vaccination Advice When Travelling Abroad
Thursday 13th December 2012
It is important when planning your trip abroad to consider what vaccinations you may require when travelling to ensure your health and wellbeing.
In some countries it is also a requirement to have certificates detailing your vaccinations before you can enter a country, so it is important to remember this.
From looking at the most popular gap year travel destinations, the following vaccination advice can be deemed:
Travelling to developed destinations such as Australia, New Zealand and America
When travelling to developed destinations such as Europe, Australia, New Zealand and America it is important to ensure that your primary boosters are up-to-date. The majority of boosters such as the MMR jab and Pneumococcal injection you would have had when you were young and these are unlikely to need updating. It would be worthwhile ensuring however that your Tetanus injection is up-to-date.
In countries such as Australia where you can visit rainforests and forest regions it is important to ensure that as well as your Tetanus being up-to-date that you have a vaccination against Japanese encephalitis which is a nasty disease that is spread by mosquitoes.
Travelling to Africa
Africa is a huge continent and you should look specifically to the country you are visiting to make sure that you meet their vaccination standards when travelling. Along with important primary boosters it is usually recommended that you get further vaccinations against such diseases as hepatitis A and typhoid. You should also consider getting vaccinations against diphtheria, hepatitis B, rabies and cholera as it is better to be safe than sorry!
In African countries many diseases can be spread through contaminated food and water as well as malaria which is transmitted by mosquitoes, so ensuring you take precautions as well as practice clean living standards will ensure your health when travelling in Africa.
Travelling to Asia
Gap year destinations such as Cambodia and Thailand are popular travel destinations for backpackers. Being vaccinated for travel to Asia is very similar to the vaccinations required in Africa. In Asia it is important to understand whether you require a certificate stating that you are vaccinated against yellow fever. Yellow fever certificates are required if you have been travelling in an area with risk of yellow fever transmission.
If you are travelling as a volunteer then read our guide on vaccination advice for volunteers which summarises advice given on the NHS Fit for Travel website.